Visiting Castiglione della Pescaia

Castiglione della Pescaia, Maremma Tuscany

Castiglione della Pescaia is an ancient seaside town in Maremma Tuscany. It features a beautiful medieval fortress (castello in Italian) and a large fishery (pescheria in Italian), which hint at its designation.

With an important history at its back, dating as far back as Roman times, the tourist port is definitely one of the town’s attractions. It is located on the banks of the Bruna River. Roman ruins were uncovered here, and the harbor played a crucial role during the Middle Ages, protecting Maremma from pirate incursions.

Castiglione della Pescaia, Maremma Tuscany

The historic center of Castiglione della Pescaia is home to Centurioni Palace, an impressive architectural complex from the Renaissance. It was renovated in the early XX century.

A notable attraction near Castiglione delle Pescaia is Vetulonia and its ancient remains. This was one of the leading Etruscan cities, and the archaeological site features cyclopean walls and necropolises.

Another interesting sight is Casa Rossa Ximenes, a complex built by mathematician, engineer and astronomer Leonardo Ximenes in 1765 during the reclamation of Maremma. The purpose of Casa Rossa was to control the flow of water between the swamp and the Tyrrhenian Sea: a system of water gates was created by Ximenes under the main building. You can explore the building and its history at the interactive museum Casa Rossa Ximenes.

Casa Rossa Ximenes, Castiglione della Pescaia, Maremma Tuscany

To get a closer look at the swampy eco-system that once covered most of Maremma, you can visit the Nature Reserve of Diaccia Botrona, a designated wetland area of international interest.

Otherwise, if you enjoy eco-tourism you can also appreciate local fauna and flora by exploring the hills that surround Castiglione. These hills are covered by perennial trees and shrubs such as holm, cork oak and arbutus. They also feature mushrooms, myrtle and rosemary. Chestnuts are the nourishment of a large number of migratory birds that come to spend winter in these woods, but also for fox puppies, wild boars and porcupines.

Castiglione della Pescaia, Maremma Tuscany


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Strolling through pretty Capalbio

Capalbio is a lovely medieval village in southern Tuscany. Perched on top of a hill, it overlooks the surrounding Maremma countryside with vineyards, the Mediterranean scrub and the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Capalbio panorama, Maremma Tuscany

The amazing panorama & landscape around Capalbio

During the Middle Ages, it belonged to the Aldobrandeschi family, then the Orsini Counts, and later it was annexed to the Sienese Republic. When the territory was turned over to Cosimo dei Medici, it began a slow demographic and economic decline. This led to the onset of the banditry, which plagued the Maremma for a great number of years.

Butteri cowboys ride near Capalbio

Butteri cowboys ride near Capalbio

Today, the town’s medieval structure is almost completely intact. You can appreciate its charm by walking along the narrow streets in the historic center, along the massive walls (the path of the ancient patrol), and at the Sienese entrance gate with 15-century wooden doors. Do not miss Chiesa di San Nicola, dating back to the Middle Ages and featuring beautiful frescoes; and the Renaissance-style Palazzo Collacchioni in the historic center.

Capalbio Ancient city walls

Patrolling the Ancient city walls

In the vicinity of Capalbio, you can visit the WWF Oasis of Lake Burano, the Tarot Garden, a number of wineries, and the beaches of Chiarore, Macchiatonda and la Torba. Many vineyards in the area produce the Capalbio DOC wines, which come in all forms: red, white, rosé and even Vin Santo (dessert wine).

Capalbio Sunset

Romantic at Sunset!

Every year, Capalbio hosts a number of small but prestigious culture and artistic events, such as Capalbio Cinema International Short Film Festival, and PhC Capalbiofotografia.

Capalbio is one of the region’s main artisanal and artistic centers. Among the cultural local initiatives is Capalbio Arte, which was created to promote handmade crafts.


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